Hulme won his heat in the morning with a time of 55.74 seconds, which ranked him third going into the semi-finals.
The Plymouth College pupil swan faster in the semis, clocking 55.36 seconds, but that was only fifth fastest in the evening session.
Fellow Great Britain swimmer Luke Greenbank is the fastest qualifier for Wednesday’s final with 54.65.
Hulme will swim the the heats of the 200m IM in the morning before his backstroke final.
Hulme’s Leander team-mate Laura Stephens won her heat of the women’s 200m butterfly in 2:13.69, which was the fifth fastest time of the day. Great Britain had three of the top five in those heats.
Fellow Leander swimmer Tom Fannon swam in the heats of the 50m butterfly. He clocked 25.12 but missed out on progressing to the next stage. Fannnon’s main event is the 50m freestyle, which he will swim later in the competition.